05 Dec


Cannabis is a dioecious plant species made up of male and female specimens with different characteristics and roles depending on the gender. However, marijuana plants can also exhibit the appearance of hermaphroditic traits and produce specimens with both female and male sex organs.

By choosing high-quality feminized cannabis seeds, the chances of a hermaphrodite specimen popping up are very slim. However, unexpected events can happen, understanding hermaphroditism in cannabis is very important because many growers will have to face this situation and it is therefore essential to know why it happens and how to identify and manage hermaphroditic cannabis specimens to prevent them from damaging the production of inflorescences.

supreme cbd: What is a hermaphrodite cannabis plant

Hermaphroditic cannabis plants are those that have both male and female sex organs. It is a natural adaptation implemented by many plants to trigger self-pollination. Some varieties of cannabis are genetically predisposed to hermaphroditism while hermaphroditism can also be activated in cases of stress or as an innate reaction to the surrounding environment.

Having said this, it should be kept in mind that there are two different types of hermaphrodite plants: true hermaphrodites (which are those genetically predisposed to develop this trait and mature both male and female sexual organs) and bisexual flowers which emerge when a plant is subjected to severe environmental stress, during the flowering phase.

In practice, if the plant realizes that classic pollination will not be possible, it does its utmost to ensure that self-fertilization is triggered by growing protruding stamens also called bananas ready to disperse pollen.

Causes of hermaphroditism

Hermaphroditism can be seen as a survival mechanism. We must remember that the production of completely seedless cannabis is not a natural thing. Our female cannabis plants are found to remain unfertilized for a long period of time, which in nature certainly does not lead to the survival of the species. But this serves us to obtain large inflorescences rich in cannabinoids and terpenes. We also talked about environmental and genetic factors for the development of hermaphroditism.

Hermaphroditism is for example popular in the historic Thai variety, a plant used for many crossings, plants genetically predisposed to develop both female and male traits may or may not show this characteristic, it is not known exactly whether it is possible to control their behavior but in in general it is considered useful to take care of them in the best possible way and to guarantee nourishment and an ideal environment.

Without stress the plant is much less likely to move towards self-pollination because when specimens are exposed to intense stress they are more likely to develop hermaphroditic traits.

But what is meant by sources of stress? Anything that “messes up and upsets” the rhythms of the plant or makes it warn of deficiencies. If the temperatures are too high or too low, the nutrition is scarce or not balanced, there are parasites in progress, the water is insufficient or there are pH imbalances, the training is too extreme or (one of the most common problems) it has a photoperiod alteration during flowering. If the plant fears for its life, it could decide to give a few more chances to rapid reproduction.

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